Categories
Nervous System

Causes of depression

The major causes of depression are:

  • Hormonal and chemical imbalance
  • Medications
  • Medical problems
  • Stress
  • Unexpected events.etc.

What is depression?

Depression is a serious medical condition characterised by mood swing, stress, lack of energy and other abnormal behaviours.
Depression may occur at any time and to any age groups in life. Teenagers, Women, Pregnant women are more prone to depression.

Causes of depression

  1. Impaired neurotransmitters: Neurotransmitters, also called as chemical messengers have a major role in regulating mental activities. Three neurotransmitters especially: dopamine, norepinephrine and serotonin trigger mental disturbance when imbalanced. Dopamine: Balanced dopamine is regarded to create positive vibes and good feelings. Depression may occur when the dopamine level decreases. Norepinephrine: Norepinephrine and adrenaline have a role in ‘fight or flight’. Too much of norepinephrine is associated with Mania. Too low norepinephrine along with other imbalanced chemicals is also believed to cause depression. Serotonin: Serotonin is the hormone that balances our mood. Low-level serotonin is associated with depression or anxiety.
  2. Hormones: Change in hormonal balance causes depression. For example; imbalance of thyroid hormones in pregnant women causes depression, Hormonal changes may cause depression among teenagers.
  3. Stress: Family problems, divorce, loss of loved ones.
  4. Medications: Corticosteroids, Isotretinoin.
  5. Medical problems: Diseases like cancer, arthritis, cardiovascular diseases.
  6. Self-esteem: Negative impact on self by physical or mental issues, Victim of abuse or violence, Pessimistic thoughts, Gender: being gay, transgenders, Hopelessness, Helplessness, Social isolations by factors like HIV/AIDS, Consistent failures etc.
  7. Unusual events: Suicide, Pressure in the job, Family problems, Isolation, Bullying etc.

How to treat depression?

Depression can be treated with:

Medications: Antidepressants

Exercise

Yoga

Avoid consumption of alcohols drugs and quit smoking

Psychotherapy

Coping

Self-help

Adventures etc.