Categories
Uncategorized

Are Kidney Diseases Hereditary?

So, Are Kidney Diseases Hereditary?

The diseases that are those diseases that can be passed from the parents to the children. Kidney diseases can be are either passed from the parents or can be developed after birth. Therefore, some kidney diseases are hereditary.

What are the hereditary diseases of the Kidney?

Kidney’s General Anatomy

Hereditary diseases result from gene disorders. In humans, genes carry genetic information. However, the mutation of such genes result in genetic diseases.

Firstly, some of the most common kidney diseases are:

  • Polycystic kidney disease (PKD): Generally, PKD occurs in adults. The most affected organ is the kidney. Although, other organs like the liver, the spleen can also be affected. Fluid-filled pouches are the main character of the disease. The kidney is the main organ where we see the pouch of fluid. It is a hereditary disease of the kidney.
  • Chronic Kidney Disease: Generally, this is the most common kidney disease. The main function of the kidney is to filter blood. However, in this disease the kidneys cannot do that. The kidneys fail to filter blood effectively. The most common reason of Chronic Kidney Disease are diabetes and high blood pressure.
  • Lupus Nephritis: The Kidneys swell and become irritated. It occurs due to a condition called lupus. Generally, we have an immune system in our body. This system is responsible to fight and protect the body. However, due to various reasons, the system can attack itself and the body. This is autoimmunity. This leads to diseases in many organs. The kidney is one of the organs that is affected.

What is Polycystic Kidney Disease?

Comparison between Normal kidney and Polycystic kidney

It is a hereditary disease of the kidney. In PKD, fluid-filled cysts develop within the kidney and affect its functions. The cysts can vary in size and can grow later.

Some of the symptoms of PKD are:

  • High blood pressure
  • Pain in back and sides
  • Increased abdomen size
  • Kidney stones
  • Kidney failures
  • Urinary Tract Infection

What are the complications of PKD?

The disease can progress and therefore, become complex.

Some of the complications are:

  • Chronic pain in sides and back
  • The cysts can develop in the liver
  • Kidney functions are compromised
  • High blood pressure

Lastly, although it is a genetic disease, we can reduce its risks by certain measures like avoiding smoking, regular exercise, less alcohol consumption.