Assimilation and acculturation are used to explain what occurs when two cultures come in contact for extended intervals. This lesson explains the gap between those closely related conditions and additionally, gives examples. Read more below:
What Is Assimilation?
Whenever two cultures come to more than casual contact, it is inevitable that they’ll both be changed. There are, of course, variables to this.
Which culture is going to change more? How long can it take? Which of those cultural markers will probably change and how?
Let us take a closer look at how these things operate.
But this scenario leaves out the truth that assimilation is usually a two-way procedure.
It is a lot like cooking: when you add salt quickly becomes invisible, but the last meal is changed.
While the meal’s looks might not appear considerably affected by the inclusion, it is different after assimilating in recognizable and essential ways.
When two cultures compete, the most common cultural change is an assimilation of their minority culture into the vast majority culture.
The minority culture gradually loses all the markers which set it apart as a distinct civilization in the first place.
Characteristics include things like food, languages, and habits.
At some point, the minority culture becomes almost indistinguishable from the majority culture.
Example of assimilation
Following are some examples of assimilation
- A girl from the USA or Western Europe who goes visits or to a state where it’s traditional for girls to wear head coverings could adapt to that ethnic standard for apparel in setting in which it would be anticipated or appropriate.
- A busy professional used to a fast-paced way of life and professional apparel who relocates into a senior community or nearby island will probably transition into a much slower-paced way of life and completely different method of dressing up after being there for some time.
- The growth of Tex Mex cuisine is a good example of cultural assimilation leading to a special spin on traditional Mexican cuisine combined with food tastes from the southwestern area in the USA. Foods cooked at the Tex Mex style blend elements of the cultures to produce a exceptional style.
What Is Acculturation?
At the individual level, acculturation refers to the socialization process where foreign-born people combine the values, customs, customs, cultural perspectives, and behaviours of their overarching host civilization.
This procedure was associated with changes in daily activities and numerous changes in physical and psychological well-being.
Acculturation is a procedure where a person adopts, acquires and adjusts into new cultural surroundings.
People of a diverse culture attempt to integrate themselves to the new more widespread culture by engaging in facets of their prevalent culture, like their customs, but still hold on their first cultural values and traditions.
In either the devotee of the prevailing culture and people assimilating to the culture may observe the consequences of acculturation at multiple levels in either the devotee of the prevailing culture and people assimilating to the culture.
At this group degree, acculturation frequently results in modifications to civilization, spiritual practices, healthcare, and other societal institutions.
Additionally, there are essential impacts on the meals, clothes, and speech of these getting introduced into the culture.
Examples of Acculturation
- Native Americans are replacing or changing certain cultural or societal elements like language, dress, or religion upon contact with Europeans.
- The reduction of several Native American traditions and languages as a result of the effect of Europeans.
What is the difference between Acculturation and Assimilation?
• Assimilation denotes the procedure where a few of the vast majority community’s cultural facets are consumed in such a way that the house cultural facets become lost or dented.
• Minority culture varies in the instance of assimilation whereas it stays intact in the example of acculturation.
• Meeting of civilizations consistently produces results concerning modifications in both the civilizations, and acculturation and assimilation refer to two important and various changes in those civilizations.
• Acculturation is a procedure where the cultural areas of the vast majority community are accommodated without sacrificing the customs and habits of this minority community.
Assimilation and Acculturation Similarities
Following are some of the assimilation and acculturation similarities listed:
- The fundamental essentials of culture contact are acculturation, assimilation.
- These form a part and parcel of societal procedures.
- Borrowing and obtaining of different cultural traits.
- Transmission of ethnic traits and their approval and adoption in various levels and scope is the frequent characteristic of all of the 3 procedures.
- The 2 procedures i.e. Acculturation, Assimilation have certain common factors.