The blood tests that show inflammation are the C-Reactive Protein (CRP) Test, Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR), Plasma Viscosity test(PV), and Serum Protein Electrophoresis (SPE ).
Inflammation is the local response of tissue to injurious agents.
What is inflammation and What blood test shows inflammation?
- It is the local response of tissue to injurious agents. These injurious agents are:
- Physical agents such as temperature,
- Biological agents such as Bacteria, Parasites, Viruses,
- Chemical agents such as solvents etc.
The main components of inflammation are :
- A Vascular reaction and
- A cellular response
Both components activate by the mediators that are derived from plasma proteins and other cells.
What are the types of inflammation?
1) Acute inflammation :
- It is defined as inflammation that occurs immediately as a response to an injury.
- It is characterized by classical signs like heat, redness, swelling pain.
- The acute inflammation delivers leukocytes to the site of injury.
- Acute inflammation exists for a short duration of time.
2) Chronic inflammation :
- It is defined as an inflammation that exists for a prolonged duration (week or year).
- Such inflammation occurs at that time when acute inflammation fails in resolving the problem.
Mediators of inflammation
- Mediators are produced either locally by cells or from circulating precursors that are activated at the site of inflammation.
- A chemical mediator is defined as a substance that may be released from the cells, plasma, or damaged tissues itself.
- The chemical mediators are broadly classified into the following types :
1. Cell-derived mediators
2. Plasma-derived mediators
Cardinal signs :
- Redness (Rubor)
- Heat(Calor )
- Loss of function (Functionlaesa)
Etiology of inflammation
What blood test shows inflammation?
The blood tests that show inflammation are as follows:
1. C-Reactive Protein (CRP) test :
- CRP is a protein that our liver synthesize in response to inflammation in the body.
- CRP binds the dead or dying cells and helps in their removal.
- There is an occurrence of a high level of CRP in your blood if you have several inflammatory diseases.
- When you have tested for CRP and if you have elevated markers, you definitely have an indicator that some inflammation is going on in our body,
- However, it doesn’t differentiate between acute or chronic inflammation because CRP elevates during both.
2. Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR)
- It is the simplest test.
- For ESR test a doctor draws your blood and combines that blood with a chemical that allows red blood cells to separate from plasma.
- The doctor observes how long it takes for RBCs to fall or to sediment in the tube that contains blood.
- The quicker RBCs fall, the more likely that you are experiencing inflammation.
3. Plasma Viscosity test(PV)
- It tests the viscosity of plasma.
- The plasma Viscosity test measures the thickness of the blood.
- If there is inflammation or infections occurring in our body then the plasma thickens.
4. Serum Protein Electrophoresis (SPE )
- Serum Protein Electrophoresis is for the confirmation of chronic inflammation.
- It measures some of the proteins that are present in the liquid part of the blood to determine any problems or issues.
- If these proteins are present in too little or too much, it indicates the inflammation and also markers for other conditions.
Foods that fight inflammation
- Herbs and spices: Garlic, oregano, cinnamon, rosemary, turmeric, and cloves are among the many herbs and spices containing powerful antioxidants that help neutralize free radicals and prevent harm to the body.
- Extra virgin olive oil, nuts, and seeds: Foods high in monounsaturated fatty acids, such as olive oil, nuts, and seeds, help reduce inflammation, which lowers the risk of metabolic diseases.
- Leafy greens: Spinach, kale, arugula, and other green veggies are rich in Vitamin K, which suppresses inflammation markers in the body.
- Berries: Strawberries, blueberries, and raspberries are rich in anthocyanins, an anti-inflammatory phytochemicals.
- Fatty fish : Eating fatty fish , such as salmon , herring , sardines , anchovies and tuna , twice a week , provides an inflammatory omega-3 fats.
Frequently asked Questions (FAQs)
Can a blood test detect inflammation?
The blood tests that show inflammation are the C-Reactive Protein (CRP) Test, Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR), Plasma Viscosity test(PV), and Serum Protein Electrophoresis (SPE ). Inflammation is the local response of tissue to injurious agents.
What are the 5 classic signs of inflammation?
Redness (Rubor), Swelling(Tumor), Heat(Calor ), Pain(Dolar), and Loss of function (Functionlaesa)
How do I know if my body has inflammation?
You have 5 cardinal signs that indicate that your body has inflammation. They are Redness (Rubor), Swelling(Tumor), Heat(Calor ), Pain(Dolar), and Loss of function (Functionlaesa)
How long can inflammation last?
Acute inflammation exists for a short duration of time whereas chronic inflammation exists for a prolonged duration (week or year).
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