Categories
Blood cancer Cancer

When is blood cancer awareness month?

 

 

September is the blood cancer awareness month. It is an international event to make people aware of the multiple types of blood cancer, the importance of the diagnosis, treatment and to explore the research on blood cancer.

What is Blood cancer?

 

When is blood cancer awareness month?

 

 

  • Leukemia is a neoplastic disorder of the bone marrow.
  • Leukemia is the type that arises in the bone marrow and results in a high number of White Blood Cells(WBCs).
  • It can also be referred to as the cancer of the white blood cells (WBCs).
  • WBCs are the vital parts of the immune system and are mostly produced in the bone marrow. Although sometimes they are produced in the lymph nodes, spleen, and the thymus gland.
  • The white blood cells are the potent infection fighters protecting the body from invasion by bacteria, viruses, fungi, foreign substances as well as abnormal cells.
  • The white blood cells normally grow and divide in an orderly manner as needed by the body.
  • But, in leukemia abnormal White Blood Cells are produced from the bone marrow which, doesn’t function like normal white blood cells.
  • The abnormal White Blood Cells also divide too quickly eventually crowding out normal white blood cells.

 

Why blood cancer awareness month is important?

Every three minutes someone is diagnosed with blood cancer in the US and every nine minutes a blood cancer patient dies. This year in the US new blood cancer cases will make up to 10.2% of all new cancer cases.

So, blood cancer awareness month is important to make people aware of blood cancer, risk factors diagnosis, treatment, and prevention are necessary to make the blood cancer-free world.

Types of blood cancer

There are a variety of large groups of leukemia.

A. Based on how fast it progresses:

1) Acute leukemia:

  • In acute leukemia, the abnormal cells are immature and they increase rapidly making the bone marrow unable to produce healthy cells.
  • The disease worsens quickly and therefore immediate and aggressive treatment is required.
  • These types are the most common in children.

2) Chronic leukemia:

  • In chronic leukemia, the abnormal cells are mature but they are abnormal white blood cells.
  • These blood cells develop more slowly and take months or years to progress.
  • These types occur in older people, but can also occur in all age groups.

B. Based on types of the cells involved :

1. Lymphocytic leukemia:

  • Lymphocytic leukemia affects the lymphoid cells that form the lymphatic tissue that makes up the immune system.

2. Myelogenous leukemia:

  • Myelogenous leukemia affects the myeloid cells. These cells form red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelet-producing cells.

The specific types of leukemia are :

 

1) Acute lymphocytic
2) Acute myelogenous
3) Chronic lymphocytic
4) Chronic myelogenous leukemia

 

The most common type in the children is the acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL)
In adults, about 90% of leukemia are diagnosed with the most common being acute myelogenous leukemia (AML ) and chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL).

Leukemia can spread in other parts of the body such as lungs, heart, and kidneys.

 

Causes of blood cancer

  • Leukemia happens when some blood cells acquire mutations in their DNA. This causes the blood cells to grow and divide more quickly and to continue living when other normal cells will die.
  • These abnormal continue to accumulate and stop the healthy blood cells from growing and functioning normally eventually crowding of the normal cells in the blood.

Risk factors of blood cancer

  • Smoking
  • A family history of leukemia
  • Exposure to certain chemicals such as benzene
  • Genetic disorders such as Down syndrome
  • Previous cancer treatment with cancer therapy or radiation

Symptoms of blood cancer

  • Fever chills.
  • Easy bleeding or nose bleeds
  • Night sweats
  • Weakness and fatigue that doesn’t go away
  • Bone pain and tenderness
  • Red spots on the skin
  • Bruising easily
  • Unintended weight loss
  • Loss of appetite
  • Repeat infections
  • Swollen lymph nodes especially on the armpits or neck
  • Itchy skin
  • Enlarged spleen or liver
  • Anemia

Diagnosis of blood cancer

  • A physical examination where the doctor will look for physical signs such as enlargement of the liver, spleen, and swollen lymph nodes.
  • Blood tests to look for abnormal levels of the red, white blood cells or platelets.this may indicate leukemia.
  • Bone marrow test where a sample of the bone marrow is removed and sent to the laboratory to test for leukemia cells. This sample can identify the type of leukemia and its growth rate.
  • Biopsy of other organs such as the liver and spleen can show if cancer has spread.

Treatment of blood cancer

The type of leukemia, age, your general health status, and whether cancer has spread to other parts of the body determines the treatment option.

  • Treatment option includes radiation therapy that includes powerful energy, beams such as x-rays to kill the cancer cells.
  • Chemotherapy that involves using medication injected intravenously or orally to kill the cancer cells.
  • Stem transplantation where the diseased bone marrow is replaced with the healthy ones, either from donors or you may be able to use yours.
  • Targeted therapies that use medication to target specific pathways or vulnerabilities present in the cancer cell may be effective.

Prevention of blood cancer

  • Avoid smoking cigarettes.
  • Eat the main diet of plant-based foods.
  • Limit alcoholic drinks
  • Be physically active for 30min/day.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Is there a cancer awareness month?

September is the blood cancer awareness month. It is an international event to make people aware of the multiple types of blood cancer, the importance of the diagnosis, treatment and to explore the research on blood cancer.

What is the first sign of leukemia?

Unintended weight loss, Loss of appetite, Repeated infection, swollen lymph nodes especially on the armpits or neck, itchy skin, and enlarged spleen or liver.

What is the main cause of blood cancer?

Leukemia happens when some blood cells acquire mutations in their DNA. This causes the blood cells to grow and divide more quickly and to continue living when other normal cells will die.
These abnormal continue to accumulate and stop the healthy blood cells from growing and functioning normally eventually crowding of the normal cells in the blood.

What are the 12 signs of blood cancer?

  • Fever chills.
  • Easy bleeding or nose bleeds
  • Night sweats
  • Weakness and fatigue that doesn’t go away
  • Bone pain and tenderness
  • Red spots on the skin
  • Bruising easily
  • Unintended weight loss
  • Loss of appetite
  • Repeat infections
  • Swollen lymph nodes especially on the armpits or neck
  • Itchy skin
  • Enlarged spleen or liver
  • Anemia

Also read,

how many kidney stones can you have?

cardiovascular diseases examples

cardiovascular diseases pdf

 

Please like our official Facebook page by clicking here